An embargo imposed by a Government against another country.
South African Bureau of Standards
- Sight draft.
- Sea damage.
See Owner Code.
The Statistical Classification of Domestic and Foreign Commodities
Exported from the United States.
Ocean vessels constructed with heavy-duty submersible hydraulic
lift or elevator system at the stern of the vessel. The Sea-Bee
system facilitates forward transfer and positioning of barges.
Sea-Bee barges are larger than LASH barges. The Sea-Bee system
is no longer used.
Document indicating the goods were loaded onboard when a document
of title (b/L) is not needed. Typically used when a
company is shipping goods to itself.
The fitness of a vessel for its intended use.
U.S. Commerce Department document, "Shipper's Export
A string of vessels which makes a particular voyage and serves
a particular market.
As provided in the Shipping Act of 1984, a contract between
a shipper (or a shippers association) and an ocean common
carrier (or conference) in which the shipper makes a commitment
to provide a certain minimum quantity of cargo or freight
revenue over a fixed time period, and the ocean common carrier
or conference commits to a certain rate or rate schedule as
well as a defined service level (such as assured space, transit
time, port rotation or similar service features). The contract
may also specify provisions in the event of nonperformance
on the part of either party.
Saturday and Holidays Excluded.
Saturday and Holidays Included.
An individual or company selling equipment and supplies for
A charge for delaying a steamer beyond a stipulated period.
Measure time onboard ship. One bell sounds for each half hour.
One bell means 12:30, two bells mean 1:00, three bells mean
1:30, and so on until 4:00 (eight bells). At 4:30 the cycle
begins again with one bell.
A statement listing the particulars of all shipments loaded
for a specified voyage.
All rigging, cranes, etc., utilized on a ship to load or unload
The tender of one lot of cargo at one time from one shipper
to one consignee on one bill of lading.
The person or company who is usually the supplier or owner
of commodities shipped. Also called Consignor.
A non-profit entity that represents the interests of a number
of shippers. The main focus of shippers associations is to
pool the cargo volumes of members to leverage the most favorable
service contract rate levels.
Shipper's Export Declaration (SED,"Ex
A joint Bureau of the Census' International Trade Administration
form used for compiling U.S. exports. It is completed by a
shipper and shows the value, weight, destination, etc., of
export shipments as well as Schedule B commodity code.
Shipper's communication(s) to its agent and/or directly to
the international water-carrier. Instructions may be varied,
e.g., specific details/clauses to be printed on the B/L, directions
for cargo pickup and delivery.
Shipper's Letter of Instructions
for issuing an Air Waybill
The document required by the carrier or freight forwarders
to obtain (besides the data needed) authorization to issue
and sign the air waybill in the name of the shipper.
Shipper's Load & Count (SL&C)
Shipments loaded and sealed by shippers and not checked or
verified by the carriers.
Shipping Act of 1916
The act of the U.S. Congress (1916) that created the U.S.
Shipping Board to develop water transportation, operate the
merchant ships owned by the government, and regulate the water
carriers engaged in commerce under the flag of the United
States. As of June 18, 1984, applies only to domestic offshore
Shipping Act of 1984
Effective June 18, 1984, describes the law covering water
transportation in the U.S. foreign trade.
Shipping Act of 1998
Amends the Act of 1984 to provide for confidential service
contracts and other items.
Shipper's instructions to carrier for forwarding goods; usually
the triplicate copy of the bill of lading.
- Bulk Carriers: All vessels designed to carry bulk cargo
such as grain, fertilizers, ore, and oil.
- Combination Passenger and Cargo Ships: Ships with a capacity
for 13 or more passengers.
- Freighters: Breakbulk vessels both refrigerated and unrefrigerated,
containerships, partial containerships, rollon/rolloff vessels,
and barge carriers.
- Barge Carriers: Ships designed to carry barges; some are
fitted to act as full containerships and can carry a varying
number of barges and containers at the same time. At present
this class includes two types of vessels LASH and Sea-Bee.
- General Cargo Carriers: Breakbulk freighters, car carriers,
cattle carriers, pallet carriers and timber carriers.
- Full Containerships: Ships equipped with permanent container
cells, with little or no space for other types of cargo.
- Partial Containerships: Multipurpose containerships where
one or more but not all compartments are fitted with permanent
container cells. Remaining compartments are used for other
types of cargo.
- Roll-on/Roll-off vessels: Ships specially designed to carry
wheeled containers or trailers using interior ramps.
- Tankers: Ships fitted with tanks to carry liquid cargo such
as: crude petroleum and petroleum products; chemicals, Liquefied
gasses(LNG and LPG), wine, molasses, and similar product tankers.
A prop or support placed against or beneath anything to prevent
sinking or sagging.
Short Ton (ST)
Polyethylene or similar substance heat-treated and shrunk
into an envelope around several units, thereby securing them
as a single pack for presentation or to secure units on a
A lift truck fitted with lifting attachments operating to
one side for handling containers.
A container fitted with a rear door and a minimum of one side
A draft payable upon presentation to the drawee.
Battens, or a series of parallel runners, fitted beneath boxes
or packages to raise them clear of the floor to permit easy
access of forklift blades or other handling equipment.
Shippers load and count. All three clauses are used
as needed on the bill of lading to exclude the carrier from
liability when the cargo is loaded by the shipper.
Loaded containers moving within the railroad system that are
not clearly identified on any internally generated reports.
A wire or rope contrivance placed around cargo and used to
load or discharge it to/from a vessel.
A vessel's berth between two piers.
Abbreviation for "Subject to Particular Average."
See also Particular Average.
An articulated five-platform railcar. Used where height and
weight restrictions limit the use of stack cars. It holds
five 40-foot containers or combinations of 40- and 20-foot
Placing a container where required to be loaded or unloaded.
A piece of equipment designed to lift containers by their
The force that holds a vessel upright or returns it to upright
if keeled over. Weight in the lower hold increases stability.
A vessel is stiff if it has high stability, tender if it has
An articulated five-platform rail car that allows containers
to be double stacked. A typical stack car holds ten 40-foot
equivalent units (FEU's).
A rail service whereby rail cars carry containers stacked
two high on specially operated unit trains. Each train includes
up to 35 articulated multi-platform cars. Each car is comprised
of 5 well-type platforms upon which containers can be stacked.
No chassis accompany containers.
Standard Industrial Classification
A standard numerical code used by the U.S. Government to classify
products and services.
Standard International Trade Classification
A standard numeric code developed by the United Nations to
classify commodities used in international trade, based on
The right side of a ship when facing the bow.
Statute Of Limitation
A law limiting the time in which claims or suits may be instituted.
Abbreviation for "Standard Transportation Commodity Code."
A group of vessel operators joined together for the purpose
of establishing freight rates.
An indemnity issued to the carrier by a bank; protects the
carrier against any possible losses or damages arising from
release of the merchandise to the receiving party. This instrument
is usually issued when the bill of lading is lost or is not
The end of a vessel. Opposite of bow.
Individual or firm that employs longshoremen and who contracts
to load or unload the ship.
Store-Door Pick-up Delivery
A complete package of pick up or delivery services performed
by a carrier from origin to final consumption point.
A marine term referring to loading freight into ships' holds.
Said to contain.
Mobile truck equipment with the capacity for lifting a container
within its own framework.
Straight Bill of Lading
A non-negotiable bill of lading which states a specific identity
to whom the goods should be delivered. See Bill of Lading.
Removing cargo from a container (devanning).
Putting cargo into a container.
Said to weigh.
To put in place of another; i.e., when an insurance company
pays a claim it is placed in the same position as the payee
with regard to any rights against others.
Surface Transportation Board (STB)
The U.S. federal body charged with enforcing acts of the U.S.
Congress that affect common carriers in interstate commerce.
STB replaced the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) in 1997.
A wharf licensed and attended by Customs authorities.
A logistical management system which integrates the sequence
of activities from delivery of raw materials to the manufacturer
through to delivery of the finished product to the customer
into measurable components. "Just in Time" is a
typical value-added example of supply chain management.
An extra or additional charge.
An additional extra tax.